What Is Nitrofurantoin Used For?
Depending on the particular product your healthcare provider recommends, nitrofurantoin can be used to treat or prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs). The prescription antibiotic works by destroying certain proteins and molecules within bacterial cells. At this time, there are no universally accepted "off-label" uses for this medication and its use in children is somewhat limited.
An Introduction to the Uses of NitrofurantoinNitrofurantoin (Furadantin®, Macrobid®, Macrodantin®) is a prescription antibiotic. Furadantin (the liquid form) and Macrodantin (the regular-release form) are both approved for the treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections (UTIs). Macrobid (the slow-release capsule form) is approved only to treat UTIs, not prevent them.
Nitrofurantoin is used only for bladder infections -- not for kidney infections or other, more serious urinary tract infections. This medication is frequently prescribed for women of childbearing age, since it is generally considered appropriate for pregnant or breastfeeding women (see Macrodantin and Pregnancy and Macrodantin and Breastfeeding for more information).