Cipro XR Uses
Although your healthcare provider may perform certain tests before recommending the use of Cipro XR to treat a urinary tract infection, this is not always necessary, especially if the infection is mild and uncomplicated. This drug can treat both complicated and uncomplicated UTIs caused by certain bacteria, and it works by interfering with two enzymes the bacteria need to multiply.
What Is Cipro XR Used For?Cipro® XR (ciprofloxacin extended release) is a prescription antibiotic medication that belongs to a group of drugs called fluoroquinolones, or just "quinolones" for short. It is approved to treat uncomplicated and complicated urinary tract infections (UTIs), including bladder infections (cystitis) and kidney infections (pyelonephritis).
Using Cipro XR for Uncomplicated Urinary Tract InfectionsA urinary tract infection occurs somewhere in the urinary tract, which is made up of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Urinary tract infections are generally categorized as either uncomplicated or complicated. Uncomplicated UTIs are usually easier to treat than complicated ones.
When a urinary tract infection occurs in the bladder and urethra, it is called cystitis, or more commonly, a bladder infection. If an infection spreads to the kidneys, it is called pyelonephritis, or a kidney infection. Pyelonephritis is a serious infection that should be treated promptly to avoid kidney damage or further spread of the infection.
Not everyone who has a UTI will have symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they may include the following:
- Frequent or intense urges to urinate, even when you have little urine to pass
- Pain or burning sensation during urination
- Milky, cloudy, or reddish-brown urine.
If an infection has reached the kidneys, symptoms will be more severe and may include:
- Upper back or side pain
- High fever
- Shaking and chills
Cipro XR is approved to treat uncomplicated cystitis (bladder infections) caused by the following types of bacteria:
- Escherichia coli (E. coli)
- Proteus mirabilis
- Enterococcus faecalis
- Staphylococcus saprophyticus.
It is also approved to treat uncomplicated pyelonephritis (kidney infections) caused by E. coli.
In some situations, your healthcare provider may perform certain tests to see if your particular infection is susceptible or resistant to Cipro XR. In other situations, your healthcare provider may decide to try the medication without such tests, especially for infections that are not severe.