Bladder Infection During Pregnancy
For a woman who is pregnant, a bladder infection is more likely to become a serious matter than for a woman who is not pregnant. The infection is more likely to travel to the kidneys, which is why many healthcare providers recommend periodic testing of urine during pregnancy.
A bladder infection is also known as a urinary tract infection (UTI). Although pregnant women are not prone to developing a bladder infection, a bladder infection during pregnancy is more likely to become a serious matter than a bladder infection that occurs in a woman who is not pregnant.
When a bladder infection does occur in a pregnant woman, it is more likely to travel to the kidneys. Approximately 2 to 4 percent of pregnant women will develop a kidney infection.
Scientists attribute urinary tract infections that go to the kidneys to hormonal changes and shifts in the position of the urinary tract during pregnancy, which make it easier for bacteria to travel up the ureters to the kidneys. For this reason, many healthcare providers recommend periodic testing of urine during pregnancy.
Women who are pregnant and develop a bladder infection should receive prompt treatment to avoid premature delivery of the baby and other risks, such as high blood pressure.
Some antibiotics are not safe to take during pregnancy. Therefore, healthcare providers have to consider various factors, such as:
- The effectiveness of the drug
- The stage of the pregnancy
- The mother's health
- The potential effects on the fetus.